INTERNATIONAL CHILDHOOD CANCER DAY (ICCD) 2019//Theme:No More Pain and No More Loss - We Are Nurse Proud To Be Nurse

INTERNATIONAL CHILDHOOD CANCER DAY (ICCD) 2019//Theme:No More Pain and No More Loss


INTERNATIONAL CHILDHOOD CANCER DAY 15 FEBRUARY 2019
THEME : “No More Pain and No More Loss”
DEFINITION:
Childhood cancer means abnormal cell growth in a child. (0–14 age group involved).

RISK FACTORS OF CHILDHOOD CANCER:
v  Medical conditions
v  Prenatal exposure
v  Problems with growth and development
v  Toxic environmental agents
v  Exposure to infections
v  Exposure to radiation
v  Change of immature physiological systems
v  Previous cancer treatments
v  Familial and genetic factors
TYPES OF CHILDHOOD CANCER:
v  Leukemia (30% )
v  Brain and spinal cord tumors(26%)
v  Neuroblastoma (6%)
v  Wilms tumor(5%)
v  Germ cell tumors (5%)
v  Lymphoma (including both Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin)( 3% )
v  Rhabdomyosarcoma(3% )
v  Retinoblastoma(2% )
v  Osteosarcoma (3%)
v  Lung cancer
v  Liver cancer
v  Bone cancer (including osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma)( 3% )
COMMON CANCER SYMPTOMS CHILDREN EXPERIENCE:
According to types of symptoms it vary but there are common cancer symptoms children experience was
v  Bone or joint pain
v  Excessive bruising
v  Fatigue
v  Fever
v  Headaches
v  Night sweats
v  Sudden weight loss
v  Swelling or lump in the belly
v  Swollen lymph nodes
v  Trouble walking
v  Vision problems
v  Vomiting
CHILDHOOD CANCER: DIAGNOSIS
 v  History collection
 v  Physical examination
v  Blood tests
v  Biopsy
v  Minimal residual disease assay
v  Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy
v  Molecular sequencing
v  Cerebral spinal fluid test
v  X ray
v  Ultrasound
v  Computed tomography scan
v Magnetic resonance imaging
v  Positron emission tomography
CHILDHOOD CANCER: TREATMENT
v  Chemotherapy drugs
v  Radiation therapy
v  Surgery (for solid tumors)
v  Immunotherapy
v  Targeted therapy
v   Bone marrow transplantation
v   Blood stem cell transplantation.
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